Switch to ADA Accessible Theme
Close Menu
Northstar Church and Nonprofit Video Conference and Business Webinar Recordings Here! Click Here to View!
Leesburg & Loudoun County Attorney
Call For a Consultation Today Free for Personal Injury & Criminal Defense Only 703-879-1364 Make a payment
  • Facebook
  • Twitter
  • LinkedIn
Hablamos Español
Sign Up for Our Newsletter!
Lawpay Payment Page

Why Do Virginia Drug Crimes Change Based On Substance Schedules?

Opioid_pills

The Virginia Criminal Code classifies drug crimes largely on the basis of the controlled substance schedules. Using various factors, these schedules divide illegal drugs and similar substances into categories. The most dangerous and addictive drugs are usually classified in Schedule I or II. Correspondingly, the criminal consequences become more severe for drug crimes involving these substances. There are a total of six different schedules under Virginia law.

When are Drugs Classified in Schedule I?

Code of Virginia Section 54.1-3445 explains when drugs are classified in Schedule I. This category applies to any substance that has:

  • High likelihood of abuse or addiction; and
  • No accepted medical use in the United States or no accepted safe use under medical supervision.

Code of Virginia Section 54.1-3446 provides the list of substances classified under Schedule I, which include, but are not limited to:

  • GHB;
  • Heroin;
  • LSD (acid); and
  • MDMA (ecstasy).

When are Drugs Classified in Schedule II?

Code of Virginia Section 54.1-3447 details when drugs are classified in Schedule II. This category applies to any substance that has:

  • High likelihood of abuse or addiction;
  • Accepted medical use in the United States, generally with severe restrictions; and
  • Potential for severe mental or physical dependence if abused.

Code of Virginia Section 54.1-3448 provides the list of substances classified under Schedule II, which include, but are not limited to:

  • Cocaine;
  • Methamphetamine;
  • Morphine;
  • Adderall;
  • Opium; and
  • PCP.

When are Drugs Classified in Schedule III?

Code of Virginia Section 54.1-3449 outlines when drugs are classified in Schedule III. This category applies to any substance that has:

  • Likelihood of abuse or addiction that is lower than Schedule I/II substances;
  • Accepted medical use in the United States; and
  • Potential for moderate/low physical dependence or high mental dependence if abused.

Code of Virginia Section 54.1-3450 provides the list of substances classified under Schedule III, which include, but are not limited to:

  • Anabolic steroids;
  • Hydrocodone;
  • Ketamine; and
  • Vicodin.

When are Drugs Classified in Schedule IV?

Code of Virginia Section 54.1-3451 describes when drugs are classified in Schedule IV. This category applies to any substance that has:

  • Likelihood of abuse or addiction that is lower than Schedule III substances;
  • Accepted medical use in the United States; and
  • Potential for limited physical or mental dependence if abused, as compared to Schedule III substances.

Code of Virginia Section 54.1-3452 provides the list of substances classified under Schedule IV, which include, but are not limited to:

  • Rohypnol;
  • Valium; and
  • Xanax.

When are Drugs Classified in Schedule V?

Code of Virginia Section 54.1-3453 explains when drugs are classified in Schedule V. This category applies to any substance that has:

  • Likelihood of abuse or addiction that is lower than Schedule IV substances;
  • Accepted medical use in the United States; and
  • Potential for limited physical or mental dependence if abused, as compared to Schedule IV substances.

Code of Virginia Section 54.1-3454 provides the list of substances classified under Schedule V, which include, but are not limited to: codeine and similar cough-and-cold medications, like Robitussin.

When are Drugs Classified in Schedule VI?

Code of Virginia Section 54.1-3453 details when drugs are classified in Schedule VI. This category applies to drugs and substances that are not listed under the other schedules. In addition, this schedule requires:

  • Designation by the Virginia Board of Pharmacy under Schedule VI;
  • Lack of recognition by medical experts for safe and effective use; or
  • Restricted use under federal law by prescription only.

Our Team is Prepared to Help You Today

If you are facing criminal charges, we can help. The Leesburg drug crimes lawyers at Simms Showers LLP are prepared to assist you today.

Facebook Twitter LinkedIn
Contact the Leesburg, Winchester & Loudoun County Attorneys of Simms Showers LLP today

Simms Showers LLP is conveniently located two blocks from the Loudoun County Courthouse. Our criminal defense firm offers a free phone consultation for criminal or personal injury cases. Se habla español. Call Simms Showers LLP for quality legal counsel today at 703-997-7821 or contact us online.

I acknowledge that contacting Simms Showers LLP, through this website does not create an attorney-client relationship, and information I send is not protected by attorney-client privilege.
Return To Top
x Which Newsletter are you intersted in? *